3 years ago

A Cross-Sectional Study of Viral Hepatitis Perception among Residents from Southeast and North Regions of Brazil.

Vanessa Salete de Paula, Helena Medina Cruz, Livia Melo Villar
Few data are available regarding viral hepatitis perception among the general global population. The present study aims to estimate the perception of viral hepatitis in a cohort of individuals living in two geographical regions of Brazil: North (Manaus city (MA)) and Southeast (Rio de Janeiro city (RJ)). A cross-sectional, descriptive study was carried out among 287 subjects recruited in MA (134) and RJ (153). All individuals answered a questionnaire assessing socio-demographic characteristics and viral hepatitis awareness. Participants' responses were scored and divided using interquartile values. Associations between socio-demographic characteristics and knowledge were also evaluated. Interquartile analysis scored 0-21 correct answers as "Very Weak"; 22-27 as "Weak"; 28-31 as "Intermediate"; and 32-47 as "Desirable". Mean ± standard deviations (SD) of correct responses were weak in both MA (24.1 ± 7.0) and RJ (26.3 ± 7.3). Bivariate analysis showed an association between viral hepatitis awareness and both education level (p < 0.001) and family income (p < 0.01). Desirable scores were more common in female participants (61%), those aged between 21-30 years (40%), those with a secondary education (51.7%), those who received high income (31.6%), and those from RJ (70.0%). Health education campaigns in these cities are recommended to increase knowledge and reduce the transmission of these viruses.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020189

DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15020189

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