3 years ago

Deciphering the Functional Composition of Fusogenic Liposomes.

Christian Kleusch, Tobias Braun, Rudolf Merkel, Rejhana Kolašinac, Agnes Csiszár
Cationic liposomes are frequently used as carrier particles for nucleic acid delivery. The most popular formulation is the equimolar mixture of two components, a cationic lipid and a neutral phosphoethanolamine. Its uptake pathway has been described as endocytosis. The presence of an aromatic molecule as a third component strongly influences the cellular uptake process and results in complete membrane fusion instead of endocytosis. Here, we systematically varied all three components of this lipid mixture and determined how efficiently the resulting particles fused with the plasma membrane of living mammalian cells. Our results show that an aromatic molecule and a cationic lipid component with conical molecular shape are essential for efficient fusion induction. While a neutral lipid is not mandatory, it can be used to control fusion efficiency and, in the most extreme case, to revert the uptake mechanism back to endocytosis.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19020346

DOI: 10.3390/ijms19020346

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