Dynamics of a Stochastic Predator–Prey Model with Stage Structure for Predator and Holling Type II Functional Response
In this paper, we develop and study a stochastic predator–prey model with stage structure for predator and Holling type II functional response. First of all, by constructing a suitable stochastic Lyapunov function, we establish sufficient conditions for the existence and uniqueness of an ergodic stationary distribution of the positive solutions to the model. Then, we obtain sufficient conditions for extinction of the predator populations in two cases, that is, the first case is that the prey population survival and the predator populations extinction; the second case is that all the prey and predator populations extinction. The existence of a stationary distribution implies stochastic weak stability. Numerical simulations are carried out to demonstrate the analytical results.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00332-018-9444-3