3 years ago

Effect of Binder Architecture on the Performance of Silicon/Graphite Composite Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries

Effect
of Binder Architecture on the Performance of
Silicon/Graphite Composite Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries
Kunyue Xing, Tao Hong, Bingrui Li, David L. Wood, Tomonori Saito, Eric Stacy, Zhijia Du, Peng-Fei Cao, Jianlin Li, Jagjit Nanda, Alexei P. Sokolov, Dmitry N. Voylov, Michael Naguib
Although significant progress has been made in improving cycling performance of silicon-based electrodes, few studies have been performed on the architecture effect on polymer binder performance for lithium-ion batteries. A systematic study on the relationship between polymer architectures and binder performance is especially useful in designing synthetic polymer binders. Herein, a graft block copolymer with readily tunable architecture parameters is synthesized and tested as the polymer binder for the high-mass loading silicon (15 wt %)/graphite (73 wt %) composite electrode (active materials >2.5 mg/cm2). With the same chemical composition and functional group ratio, the graft block copolymer reveals improved cycling performance in both capacity retention (495 mAh/g vs 356 mAh/g at 100th cycle) and Coulombic efficiency (90.3% vs 88.1% at first cycle) than the physical mixing of glycol chitosan (GC) and lithium polyacrylate (LiPAA). Galvanostatic results also demonstrate the significant impacts of different architecture parameters of graft copolymers, including grafting density and side chain length, on their ultimate binder performance. By simply changing the side chain length of GC-g-LiPAA, the retaining delithiation capacity after 100 cycles varies from 347 mAh/g to 495 mAh/g.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b13205

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b13205

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