3 years ago

Marine Antifouling Behavior of Lubricant-Infused Nanowrinkled Polymeric Surfaces

Antifouling Behavior of Lubricant-Infused Nanowrinkled
Polymeric Surfaces
Sam Peppou-Chapman, Truis Smith-Palmer, Erin M. Humphries, Chiara Neto, Liam R. J. Scarratt, Cameron S. Ware, Daniel Balzer
A new family of polymeric, lubricant-infused, nanostructured wrinkled surfaces was designed that effectively retains inert nontoxic silicone oil, after draining by spin-coating and vigorous shear for 2 weeks. The wrinkled surfaces were fabricated using three different polymers (Teflon AF, polystyrene, and poly(4-vinylpyridine)) and two shrinkable substrates (Polyshrink and shrinkwrap), and Teflon on Polyshrink was found to be the most effective system. The volume of trapped lubricant was quantified by adding Nile red to the silicone oil before infusion and then extracting the oil and Nile red from the surfaces in heptane and measuring by fluorimetry. Higher volumes of lubricant induced lower roll-off angles for water droplets, and in turn induced better antifouling performance. The infused surfaces displayed stability in seawater and inhibited growth of Pseudoalteromonas spp. bacteria up to 99%, with as little as 0.9 μL cm–2 of the silicone oil infused. Field tests in the waters of Sydney Harbor over 7 weeks showed that silicone oil infusion inhibited the attachment of algae, but the algal attachment increased as the silicone oil was slowly depleted over time. The infused wrinkled surfaces have high transparency and are moldable, making them suited to protect the windows of underwater sensors and cameras.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b14736

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b14736

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