3 years ago

Taper Embedded Phase-Shifted Fiber Bragg Grating Fabricated by Femtosecond Laser Line-by-Line Inscription

Ying Wang, Lei Xu, Yiping Wang, Chao Wang, Feng Zhu, Zhe Zhang, Tianhang Yang, Zhengyong Li, Jun He, , Changrui Liao
We demonstrate a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating with a taper induced by femtosecond laser micromachining. In this configuration, a fiber taper fabricated by an arc discharge in a fiber splicer was sandwiched between two fiber Bragg grating sections, which were formed using femtosecond laser line-by-line inscription. The degree of phase shift produced by this device can be adjusted by introducing axial strain, with a sensitivity of 4.59 pm/μϵ. A theoretical study was also conducted by modeling the taper under axial strain. The relative deviation between simulated and measured sensitivities is less than 10%.
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