3 years ago

Attenuation of West Nile Virus NS2B/NS3 Protease by Amino Terminal Copper and Nickel Binding (ATCUN) Peptides

Attenuation of
West Nile Virus NS2B/NS3 Protease by
Amino Terminal Copper and Nickel Binding (ATCUN) Peptides
J. A. Cowan, Andrew M. Pinkham, Zhen Yu
West Nile virus NS2B/NS3 protease (WNVP) is a viable target for the development of antiviral compounds. To that end, catalytic metallopeptides that incorporate the copper-binding ATCUN motif into either the N- or C-terminus of known WNVP targeting peptides have been developed as new families of peptide-based inhibitors. Each metallopeptide was evaluated based on its inhibitory constant (KI), time-dependent inactivation of the protein, Michaelis–Menten parameters, and the ability to oxidatively modify WNVP. Following catalytic inactivation of WNVP, sequencing by LC-MS/MS demonstrated active site residues Ser135, Thr134, and Thr132, as well as residues in the S2 binding pocket, to be modified by oxidative chemistry. Results from a DNPH-based assay to detect oxidative damage showed the formation of carbonyls in WNVP treated with metallopeptides. These results suggest that the metallopeptides are attenuating WNVP activity by irreversible oxidation of amino acids essential to substrate binding and catalysis.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b01409

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b01409

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