4 years ago

High-Spin Iron Imido Complexes Competent for C–H Bond Amination

High-Spin Iron Imido Complexes Competent for C–H Bond Amination
Matthew J. T. Wilding, Theodore A. Betley, Diana A. Iovan
Reduction of previously reported (ArL)FeCl with potassium graphite furnished a low-spin (S = 1/2) iron complex (ArL)Fe which features an intramolecular η6-arene interaction and can be utilized as an FeI synthon (ArL = 5-mesityl-1,9-(2,4,6-Ph3C6H2)dipyrrin). Treatment of (ArL)Fe with adamantyl azide or mesityl azide led to the formation of the high-spin (S = 5/2), three-coordinate imidos (ArL)Fe(NAd) and (ArL)Fe(NMes), respectively, as determined by EPR, zero-field 57Fe Mössbauer, magnetometry, and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The high-spin iron imidos are reactive with a variety of substrates: (ArL)Fe(NAd) reacts with azide yielding a ferrous tetrazido (ArL)Fe(κ2-N4Ad2), undergoes intermolecular nitrene transfer to phosphine, abstracts H atoms from weak C–H bonds (1,4-cyclohexadiene, 2,4,6-tBu3C6H2OH) to afford ferrous amido product (ArL)Fe(NHAd), and can mediate intermolecular C–H amination of toluene [PhCH3/PhCD3 kH/kD: 15.5(3); PhCH2D kH/kD: 11(1)]. The C–H bond functionalization reactivity is rationalized from a two-step mechanism wherein each step occurs via maximal energy and orbital overlap between the imido fragment and the C–H bond containing substrate.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b06682

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b06682

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