3 years ago

A Periodic Isoperimetric Problem Related to the Unique Games Conjecture.

Steven Heilman

We prove the endpoint case of a conjecture of Khot and Moshkovitz related to the Unique Games Conjecture, less a small error.

Let $n\geq2$. Suppose a subset $\Omega$ of $n$-dimensional Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ satisfies $-\Omega=\Omega^{c}$ and $\Omega+v=\Omega^{c}$ for any standard basis vector $v\in\mathbb{R}^{n}$. For any $x=(x_{1},\ldots,x_{n})\in\mathbb{R}^{n}$ and for any $q\geq1$, let $\|x\|_{q}^{q}=|x_{1}|^{q}+\cdots+|x_{n}|^{q}$ and let $\gamma_{n}(x)=(2\pi)^{-n/2}e^{-\|x\|_{2}^{2}/2}$ . For any $x\in\partial\Omega$, let $N(x)$ denote the exterior normal vector at $x$ such that $\|N(x)\|_{2}=1$. Let $B=\{x\in\mathbb{R}^{n}\colon \sin(\pi(x_{1}+\cdots+x_{n}))\geq0\}$. Our main result shows that $B$ has the smallest Gaussian surface area among all such subsets $\Omega$, less a small error: $ \int_{\partial\Omega}\gamma_{n}(x)dx\geq(1-6\cdot 10^{-9})\int_{\partial B}\gamma_{n}(x)dx+\int_{\partial\Omega}\Big(1-\frac{\|N(x)\|_{1}}{\sqrt{n}}\Big)\gamma_{n}(x)dx. $ In particular, $ \int_{\partial\Omega}\gamma_{n}(x)dx\geq(1-6\cdot 10^{-9})\int_{\partial B}\gamma_{n}(x)dx. $ Standard arguments extend these results to a corresponding weak inequality for noise stability. Removing the factor $6\cdot 10^{-9}$ would prove the endpoint case of the Khot-Moshkovitz conjecture. Lastly, we prove a Euclidean analogue of the Khot and Moshkovitz conjecture.

The full conjecture of Khot and Moshkovitz provides strong evidence for the truth of the Unique Games Conjecture, a central conjecture in theoretical computer science that is closely related to the P versus NP problem. So, our results also provide evidence for the truth of the Unique Games Conjecture. Nevertheless, this paper does not prove any case of the Unique Games conjecture.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1708.00917

DOI: arXiv:1708.00917v2

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