3 years ago

Structural Stability of the Coiled-Coil Domain of Tumor Susceptibility Gene (TSG)-101

Structural Stability of the Coiled-Coil Domain of Tumor Susceptibility Gene (TSG)-101
Randy Cohen, Jordan T. White, Natalie Murphy, Vincent J. Hilser, Dmitri Toptygin
The tumor susceptibility gene-101 coiled coil domain (TSG101cc) is an integral component of the endosomal maturation machinery and cytokinesis, and also interacts with several transcription factors. The TSG101cc has been crystallized as a homotetramer but is known to interact with two of its binding partners as a heterotrimer. To investigate this apparent discrepancy, we examined the solution thermodynamics of the TSG101cc. Here, we use circular dichroism, differential scanning calorimetry, analytical ultracentrifugation, fluorescence, and structural thermodynamic analysis to investigate the structural stability and the unfolding of the TSG101cc. We demonstrate that TSG101cc exists in solution primarily as a tetramer, which unfolds in a two-state manner. Surprisingly, no homodimeric or homotrimeric species were detected. Structural thermodynamic analysis of the homotetrameric structure and comparison with known oligomeric coiled-coils suggests that the TSG101cc homotetramer is comparatively unstable on a per residue basis. Furthermore, the homotrimeric coiled-coil is predicted to be much less stable than the functional heterotrimeric coiled-coil in the endosomal sorting complex required for transport 1 (ESCRT1). These results support a model whereby the tetramer–monomer equilibrium of TSG101 serves as the cellular reservoir of TSG101, which is effectively outcompeted when its binding partners are present and the heteroternary complex can form.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00469

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00469

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