3 years ago

Physicochemical and Electrochemical Properties of K[N(SO2F)2]–[N-Methyl-N-propylpyrrolidinium][N(SO2F)2] Ionic Liquids for Potassium-Ion Batteries

Physicochemical and Electrochemical Properties of K[N(SO2F)2]–[N-Methyl-N-propylpyrrolidinium][N(SO2F)2] Ionic Liquids for Potassium-Ion Batteries
Takayuki Yamamoto, Rika Hagiwara, Kazuhiko Matsumoto, Toshiyuki Nohira
The physicochemical and electrochemical properties of the binary ionic liquid, K[FSA]–[C3C1pyrr][FSA] (FSA = bis(fluorosulfonyl)amide; C3C1pyrr = N-methyl-N-propylpyrrolidinium), were investigated at 253–393 K, with the aim of developing a new electrolyte for potassium-ion batteries (K-ion batteries; KIBs). A phase diagram was constructed from the results of differential scanning calorimetry measurements and revealed that the melting point of this ionic liquid is below room temperature for compositions of x(K[FSA]) = 0–0.25 (x(K[FSA]) = molar fraction of K[FSA]). The viscosity, ionic conductivity, and density were measured for x(K[FSA]) = 0–0.25. The ionic conductivity when x(K[FSA]) = 0.20 was 4.8 mS cm–1 at 298 K, which is higher than that for the equivalent sodium and lithium ionic liquids. Cyclic voltammetry measurements of M[FSA]–[C3C1pyrr][FSA] ionic liquids (x(M[FSA]) = 0.20; M = K, Na, or Li) indicated that potassium metal deposition/dissolution occurs at a more negative potential than that for lithium and sodium deposition/dissolution, suggesting that KIBs with a high operating voltage can be constructed using K[FSA]–[C3C1pyrr][FSA] as an ionic liquid electrolyte.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b06523

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b06523

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