3 years ago

Platinum-Decorated Gold Nanoparticles with Dual Functionalities for Ultrasensitive Colorimetric in Vitro Diagnostics

Platinum-Decorated Gold Nanoparticles with Dual Functionalities for Ultrasensitive Colorimetric in Vitro Diagnostics
Sanaz Habibi, Xiaohu Xia, Dianping Tang, Adrienne Minerick, Dianyong Tang, Jing Tao, Zhuangqiang Gao, Haihang Ye
Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) as signal reporters have been utilized in colorimetric in vitro diagnostics (IVDs) for decades. Nevertheless, it remains a grand challenge to substantially enhance the detection sensitivity of AuNP-based IVDs as confined by the inherent plasmonics of AuNPs. In this work, we circumvent this confinement by developing unique dual-functional AuNPs that were engineered by coating conventional AuNPs with ultrathin Pt skins of sub-10 atomic layers (i.e., Au@Pt NPs). The Au@Pt NPs retain the plasmonic activity of initial AuNPs while possessing ultrahigh catalytic activity enabled by Pt skins. Such dual functionalities, plasmonics and catalysis, offer two different detection alternatives: one produced just by the color from plasmonics (low-sensitivity mode) and the second more sensitive color catalyzed from chromogenic substrates (high-sensitivity mode), achieving an “on-demand” tuning of the detection performance. Using lateral flow assay as a model IVD platform and conventional AuNPs as a benchmark, we demonstrate that the Au@Pt NPs could enhance detection sensitivity by 2 orders of magnitude.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02385

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02385

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