5 years ago

Direct observation of positive supercoils introduced by reverse gyrase through atomic force microscopy

Direct observation of positive supercoils introduced by reverse gyrase through atomic force microscopy
Reverse gyrase is a hyperthermophilic enzyme that can introduce positive supercoiling in substrate DNA. It is showed in our studies that positive DNA supercoils were induced in both pBR322 vector and an artificially synthesized mini-plasmid DNA by reverse gyrase. The left-handed structures adopted by positively supercoiled DNA molecules could be identified from their right-handed topoisomers through atomic force microscopic examination. Additional structural comparisons revealed that positively supercoiled DNA molecule AFM images exhibited increased contour lengths. Moreover, enzymatic assays showed that the positively supercoiled DNA could not be cleaved by T7 endonuclease. Together, this suggests that the overwound structure of positive supercoils could prevent genomic duplex DNA from randomly forming single-stranded DNA regions and intra-stranded secondary structures.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0960894X17307400

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