3 years ago

Essential structure of orexin 1 receptor antagonist YNT-707, Part I: Role of the 4,5-epoxy ring for binding with orexin 1 receptor

Essential structure of orexin 1 receptor antagonist YNT-707, Part I: Role of the 4,5-epoxy ring for binding with orexin 1 receptor
The essential structure of the orexin 1 receptor (OX1R) antagonist YNT-707 (2) was clarified, particularly the roles to OX1R antagonist activities of the 3-OMe, the 4,5-epoxy ring, the 14-hydroxy group, and the orientation of the 6-amide side chain. The 3-OMe and 17-sulfonamide group were shown to be essential for the OX1R antagonistic activity. The 4,5-epoxy ring plays an important role for the active orientation of the 6-amide group. The 14-hydroxy group could lower the activity of the 6β-amide isomer by the interaction of the 14-hydroxy group with the 6-amide group, which could orient the 6-amide group toward the upper side of the C-ring. Finally, we proposed the difference in the active conformation between OX1R and κ opioid receptor (KOR), especially in the orientation of the 6-amide group which is expected to be a useful guide for medicinal chemists to design OX1R ligands.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0960894X17307072

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