4 years ago

Synthesis and anti-tumor evaluation of panaxadiol halogen-derivatives

Synthesis and anti-tumor evaluation of panaxadiol halogen-derivatives
In the current work, 13 novel panaxadiol (PD) derivatives were synthesized by reacting with chloroacetyl chloride and bromoacetyl bromide. Their in vitro antitumor activities were evaluated on three human tumor cell lines (HCT-116, BGC-823, SW-480) and three normal cells (human gastric epithelial cell line-GES-1, hair follicle dermal papilla cell line-HHDPC and rat myocardial cell line-H9C2) by MTT assay. Compared with PD, the results demonstrated that compound 1e, 2d, 2e showed significant anti-tumor activity against three tumor cell lines, the IC50 value of compound 2d against HCT-116 was the lowest (3.836μM). The anti-tumor activity of open-ring compounds are significantly better than the compounds of C-25 cyclization. Compound 1f, 2f, 2g showed the strong anti-tumor activity. The IC50 value of compound 2g against BGC-823 and SW-480 were the lowest (0.6μM and 0.1μM, respectively). Combined with cytotoxicity test, the IC50 value of compound 1e, 2d, 2e are greater than 100. the open-ring compounds (1f, 2f, 2g) showed a strong toxicity. The toxicity of 1f is lower than 2f and 2g. These compounds may be useful for the development of novel antiproliferative agents.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0960894X17306637

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