3 years ago

Electrodeposited nanoporous ruthenium oxide for simultaneous quantification of ascorbic acid and uric acid using chronoamperometry at two different potentials

Electrodeposited nanoporous ruthenium oxide for simultaneous quantification of ascorbic acid and uric acid using chronoamperometry at two different potentials
Nanoporous ruthenium dioxide (RuO2) was simply prepared by electrodeposition with potential cycling in RuCl3 solution in the presence of reverse micelles of Triton X-100. The electrodeposited RuO2 on Au substrate electrode showed high electroactivity for the oxidations of L-ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA), while AA oxidation started from a less positive potential compared to UA oxidation. Simultaneous quantitative analysis of AA and UA was successfully carried out via chronoamperometric measurements at two different applied potentials using RuO2 deposited electrode. Due to the oxidation potential difference between AA and UA at RuO2 electrode, only AA was oxidized at an applied potential of 0.20V vs. SCE and both AA and UA were oxidized at 0.32V vs. SCE. AA concentration was determined from the current measured at 0.20V; and then UA concentration was estimated from the current measured at 0.32V using the predetermined AA concentration. Electrodeposited nanoporous RuO2 electrode exhibited current responses linearly proportional to AA and UA concentrations in a wide concentration range (0–1mM) and fast response time (≤1s). The current sensitivities were 342.8±26.3μAmM−1 cm−2 for AA at 0.20V; 377.8±18.4μAmM−1 cm−2 for AA at 0.32V; and 344.2±11.6μAmM−1 cm−2 for UA at 0.32V. In addition, RuO2 electrode showed a high selectivity over interferents such as 4-acetamidophenol (AP), dopamine (DA), and glucose. Reasonable stability and repeatability of RuO2 electrode were also confirmed. Selective quantification of AA and UA in an arbitrary mixture and a human urine sample demonstrated that RuO2 electrode has practical utility in real sample analysis with satisfactory results.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0925400517315125

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