3 years ago

Characterization of irradiated APDs for picosecond time measurements

S. White, C. Lu, F.M. Newcomer, S. Otero Ugobono, M. Moll, R. Dalal, K.T. McDonald, M. McClish, M. Gallinaro, M. Centis Vignali, G. Jain, B. Harrop
For their operation at the CERN High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC), the ATLAS and CMS experiments are planning to implement dedicated systems to measure the time of arrival of minimum ionizing particles with an accuracy of about 30 ps. The timing detectors will be subjected to radiation levels corresponding up to a 1-MeV neutrons fluence (Φ eq ) of 10 15 cm −2 for the goal integrated luminosity of HL-LHC of 3000 fb −1 . In this paper, deep-diffused Avalanche Photo Diodes (APDs) produced by Radiation Monitoring Devices are examined as candidate timing detectors for HL-LHC applications. These APDs are operated at 1.8 kV, resulting in a gain of up to 500. The timing performance of the detectors is evaluated using a pulsed laser. The effects of radiation damage on current, signal amplitude, noise, and timing performance of the APDs are evaluated using detectors irradiated with neutrons up to Φ ...

Publisher URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-0221/13/01/C01041

DOI: 10.1088/1748-0221/13/01/C01041

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