3 years ago

Ultra-sensitive probe of spectral line structure and detection of isotopic oxygen

A. N. Dharamsi, Richard M. Garner, M. Amir Khan

Abstract

We discuss a new method of investigating and obtaining quantitative behavior of higher harmonic (> 2f) wavelength modulation spectroscopy (WMS) based on the signal structure. It is shown that the spectral structure of higher harmonic WMS signals, quantified by the number of zero crossings and turnings points, can have increased sensitivity to ambient conditions or line-broadening effects from changes in temperature, pressure, or optical depth. The structure of WMS signals, characterized by combinations of signal magnitude and spectral locations of turning points and zero crossings, provides a unique scale that quantifies lineshape parameters and, thus, useful in optimization of measurements obtained from multi-harmonic WMS signals. We demonstrate this by detecting weaker rotational–vibrational transitions of isotopic atmospheric oxygen (16O18O) in the near-infrared region where higher harmonic WMS signals are more sensitive contrary to their signal-to-noise ratio considerations. The proposed approach based on spectral structure provides the ability to investigate and quantify signals not only at linecenter but also in the wing region of the absorption profile. This formulation is particularly useful in tunable diode laser spectroscopy and ultra-precision laser-based sensors where absorption signal profile carries information of quantities of interest, e.g., concentration, velocity, or gas collision dynamics, etc.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00340-017-6882-9

DOI: 10.1007/s00340-017-6882-9

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