3 years ago

Novel 6-substituted benzoyl and non-benzoyl straight chain pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines as potential antitumor agents with multitargeted inhibition of TS, GARFTase and AICARFTase

Novel 6-substituted benzoyl and non-benzoyl straight chain pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines as potential antitumor agents with multitargeted inhibition of TS, GARFTase and AICARFTase
A novel series of 6-substituted benzoyl and non-benzoyl straight chain pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines were designed and synthesized as potential antitumor agents targeting both thymidylate and purine nucleotide biosynthesis. Starting from the key intermediate 2-amino-4-oxo-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-6-yl-acetic acid, target compounds 1–6 were successfully obtained through two sequential condensation and saponification reactions in decent yield. The newly synthesized compounds showed antiproliferative potencies against a panel of tumor cell lines including KB, SW620 and MCF7. In particular, most compounds of this series exhibited nanomolar to subnanomolar inhibitory activities toward KB tumor cells, significantly more potent than the positive control methotrexate (MTX) and pemetrexed (PMX). Along with the results of nucleoside protection assays, molecular modeling studies suggested that the antitumor activity of compound 6 could be attributed to multitargeted inhibition of folate-dependent enzymes thymidylate synthase (TS), glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFTase) and 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (AICARFTase). Growth inhibition by compound 6 also induced distinct early apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at S-phase, which resulted in cell death.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0223523417306359

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