3 years ago

Hollow ZnO Nanospheres Enhance Anticancer Immunity by Promoting CD4+ and CD8+ T Cell Populations In Vivo

Hollow ZnO Nanospheres Enhance Anticancer Immunity by Promoting CD4+ and CD8+ T Cell Populations In Vivo
Yohei Watanabe, Atsuo Ito, Yu Sogo, Xia Li, Noriko M. Tsuji, Xiupeng Wang
Appropriate adjuvant aiding in generating robust anticancer immunity is crucial for cancer immunotherapy. Herein, hollow ZnO (HZnO) nanospheres are synthesized by a facile method using carbon nanospheres as the template. The HZnO nanospheres significantly promote the cellular uptake of a model antigen, and cytokine secretion by antigen-presenting cells in vitro. HZnO loaded with ovalbumin and polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly(I:C)) inhibits cancer growth and metastasis to inguinal lymph node in a cancer cell challenge model. Moreover, HZnO loaded with autologous cancer antigens inhibits cancer cell growth in a cancer cell re-challenge model. HZnO nanospheres significantly improve the CD4+ and/or CD8+ T cell population in splenocytes of mice in both cancer cell challenge model and re-challenge model. The HZnO nanospheres can be used for cancer immunotherapy as adjuvant. Hollow ZnO nanospheres significantly promote the cellular uptake of model cancer antigen, increase the CD4+ and/or CD8+ T cell populations in splenocytes of mice, and improve anticancer immunity. Hollow ZnO nanospheres are promising as an adjuvant for cancer immununotherapy.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/smll.201701816

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