3 years ago

Designing Peptide and Protein Modified Hydrogels: Selecting the Optimal Conjugation Strategy

Designing Peptide and Protein Modified Hydrogels: Selecting the Optimal Conjugation Strategy
Alexander E.G. Baker, Molly S. Shoichet, Stephanie A. Fisher
Hydrogels are used in a wide variety of biomedical applications including tissue engineering, biomolecule delivery, cell delivery, and cell culture. These hydrogels are often designed with a specific biological function in mind, requiring the chemical incorporation of bioactive factors to either mimic extracellular matrix or to deliver a payload to diseased tissue. Appropriate synthetic techniques to ligate bioactive factors, such as peptides and proteins, onto hydrogels are critical in designing materials with biological function. Here, we outline strategies for peptide and protein immobilization. We specifically focus on click chemistry, enzymatic ligation, and affinity binding for transient immobilization. Protein modification strategies have shifted toward site-specific modification using unnatural amino acids and engineered site-selective amino acid sequences to preserve both activity and structure. The selection of appropriate protein immobilization strategies is vital to engineering functional hydrogels. We provide insight into chemistry that balances the need for facile reactions while maintaining protein bioactivity or desired release.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b00513

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b00513

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