3 years ago

Nuclear Lipid Mediators: Role of Nuclear Sphingolipids and Sphinosine-1-Phosphate Signaling in Epigenetic Regulation of Inflammation and Gene Expression

Panfeng Fu, Alison W. Ha, Vidyani Suryadevara, Viswanathan Natarajan, David L. Ebenezer, Anantha Harijith
Phospholipids, sphingolipids, and cholesterol are integral components of eukaryotic cell organelles, including the nucleus. Recent evidence shows characteristic features of nuclear lipid composition and signaling, which are distinct from that of the cytoplasm and plasma membrane. While the nuclear phosphoinositol lipid signaling in cell cycle regulation and differentiation has been well described, there is a paucity on the role of nuclear sphingolipids and sphingolipid signaling in different physiological and pathophysiological human conditions. In this prospective, we describe the role of sphingolipids and specifically focus on the sphingoid bases, such as sphingosine, ceramide, and sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) generation and catabolism in nuclear signaling and function. Particularly, S1P generated in the nucleus by phosphorylation of SphK2 modulates HDAC activity either by direct binding or through activation of nuclear reactive oxygen species and regulates cell cycle and pro-inflammatory gene expression. Potential implication of association of SphK2 with the co-repressor complexes and generation of S1P in the nucleus on chromatin remodeling under normal and pathological conditions is discussed. A better understanding of sphingolipid signaling in the nucleus will facilitate the design and development of new and novel therapeutic approaches to modulate expression of pro-inflammatory and cell cycle dependent genes in human pathologies such as cancer, bacterial lung infection, neurodegeneration and cystic fibrosis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/jcb.26707

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