3 years ago

Enantioselective 1,2-Anionotropic Rearrangement of Acylsilane through a Bisguanidinium Silicate Ion Pair

1,2-Anionotropic Rearrangement of
Acylsilane through a Bisguanidinium Silicate Ion Pair
Choon-Hong Tan, Davin Tan, Richmond Lee, Weidi Cao
Highly enantioselective bisguanidinium-catalyzed tandem rearrangements of acylsilanes are reported. The acylsilanes were activated via an addition of fluoride on the silicon to form a penta-coordinate anionic silicate intermediate. The silicate then underwent alkyl or aryl group migration from the silicon atom to the neighboring carbonyl carbon atom (1,2-anionotropic rearrangement), followed by [1,2]-Brook rearrangement to provide the secondary alcohols in high yields with excellent enantioselectivities (up to 95% ee). The isolation of an α-silylcarbinol intermediate as well as DFT calculations revealed that the 1,2-anionotropic rearrangement occurred via a bisguanidinium silicate ion pair, which is the stereodetermining step. The chiral center formed is then retained without inversion through the subsequent [1,2]-Brook rearrangement. Crotyl acylsilanes were smoothly transformed into homoallylic linear crotyl alcohols with retention of E/Z geometry, and no branched alcohols were detected. This clearly suggested that the 1,2-anionotropic rearrangement occurred through a three-membered instead of a five-membered transition state.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b13056

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b13056

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