3 years ago

Lymphovascular invasion after neoadjuvant chemotherapy is strongly associated with poor prognosis in breast carcinoma

Gabriel Benchimol, Lauren Darrigues, Thomas Balezeau, Veronique Becette, Enora Laas, Jean-Guillaume Feron, Giang-Thanh Lam, Marick Laé, Anne-Sophie Hamy, Jean-Yves Pierga, Fabien Reyal, Anne Vincent-Salomon, Hélène Bonsang-Kitzis, Florence Coussy, Julien Guerin, Benjamin Sadacca, Roman Rouzier, Alain Livartowski

Abstract

Purpose

Few studies evaluated the prognostic value of the presence of lymphovascular invasion (LVI) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for breast cancer (BC).

Methods

The association between LVI and survival was evaluated in a cohort of BC patients treated by NAC between 2002 and 2011. Five post-NAC prognostic scores (ypAJCC, RCB, CPS, CPS + EG and Neo-Bioscore) were evaluated and compared with or without the addition of LVI.

Results

Out of 1033 tumors, LVI was present on surgical specimens in 29.2% and absent in 70.8% of the cases. Post-NAC LVI was associated with impaired disease-free survival (DFS) (HR 2.54; 95% CI 1.96–3.31; P < 0.001), and the magnitude of this effect depended on BC subtype (Pinteraction = 0.003), (luminal BC: HR 1.83; P = 0.003; triple negative BC: HR 3.73; P < 0.001; HER2-positive BC: HR 6.21; P < 0.001). Post-NAC LVI was an independent predictor of local relapse, distant metastasis, and overall survival; and increased the accuracy of all five post-NAC prognostic scoring systems.

Conclusions

Post-NAC LVI is a strong independent prognostic factor that: (i) should be systematically reported in pathology reports; (ii) should be used as stratification factor after NAC to propose inclusion in second-line trials or adjuvant treatment; (iii) should be included in post-NAC scoring systems.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10549-017-4610-0

DOI: 10.1007/s10549-017-4610-0

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.