3 years ago

FePO 4 embedded in nanofibers consisting of amorphous carbon and reduced graphene oxide as an enzyme mimetic for monitoring superoxide anions released by living cells

Ying Wang, Ying-Shuai Liu, Min-Qiang Wang, Shu-Juan Bao, Ling-Li Lei, Zhao-Yang Chen

Abstract

FePO4 is biocompatible and can act as a kind of promising enzyme mimetic. Unfortunately, the electrical conductivity of FePO4 is poor. In order to enhance its conductivity, FePO4 was embedded into nanofibers consisting of amorphous carbon and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) by an electrospinning technique. As a sensing material for monitoring superoxide anion (O2•−) and typically operated at 0.5 V (vs. SCE), it displays high sensitivity (9.6 μA⋅μM−1⋅cm−2), a low detection limit (9.7 nM at S/N = 3), a wide linear response range (10 nM to 10 μM), and fast response (1.6 s). Due to its low detection limit and fast response, the sensor in our perception has a large potential for detecting superoxide anions released by HeLa cancer cells.

Graphical abstract

Schematic of the microstructure of FePO4/C and FePO4/rGO-C nanofibers, a photograph of cancer cells (HeLa), and the electrochemical response towards O2―• of the sensor.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00604-018-2691-z

DOI: 10.1007/s00604-018-2691-z

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