3 years ago

Transition from heterothallism to homothallism is hypothesised to have facilitated speciation among emerging Botryosphaeriaceae wheat-pathogens

White grain disorder (WGD) is a recently emerged wheat disease in Australia caused by three Botryosphaeriaceae fungi, from the genus Eutiarosporella. These species are E. tritici-australis, E. darliae, and E. pseudodarliae. Characterisation of the mating type genes for the WGD-species show that the genome sequence of a single E. darliae and E. pseudodarliae isolate both harbour MAT1-2-1 and MAT1-1-1, which suggests that these species are homothallic. However, unlike most other characterised mating-type loci from other homothallic Dothideomycetes, these species’ MAT1-1-1 are located at a separate locus, inserted within the coding region of another gene. The sequenced strain of E. tritici-australis analysed did not harbour MAT1-1-1. Including the sequenced strain, we screened the mating type genes present in 16 E. tritici-australis individuals isolated from infected grain from fields in South Australia. Of these 16, 11 harbour MAT1-1-1 and the other five harbour MAT1-2-1. The genome of a MAT1-1-1 harbouring isolate was re-sequenced, which demonstrated that MAT1-1-1 was present at the MAT locus. We examined non-coding DNA surrounding the MAT1-1-1 gene in E. pseudodarliae and observed fragments of the MAT locus both up and downstream. These fragments and their orientation around MAT1-1-1 is similar to characterised heterothallic Botryosphaeriaceae. Based on these gene arrangements, we conclude that the new MAT1-1-1 containing locus likely originated from a cryptic DNA integration event between two heterothallic individuals. We hypothesise that this integration event led to the formation of a homothallic lineage, which is the common ancestor of E. darliae and E. pseudodarliae.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1087184517301500

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.