3 years ago

Reliable differentiation of Pneumocystis pneumonia from Pneumocystis colonisation by quantification of Major Surface Glycoprotein gene using real-time polymerase chain reaction

Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Meenu Singh, Madhubala Sharma, Pankaj Rawat, Megha Sharma, Ritesh Aggarwal, Anup Ghosh, Shivaprakash M. Rudramurthy, Lakshmishree Venkatesan
A clear differentiation between pneumonia due to Pneumocystis jirovecii and “colonisation” is required for optimal case management. A quantification of fungal burden using major surface glycoprotein (MSG) gene-based real-time PCR was undertaken for the same. Lower respiratory tract samples collected from 104 patients of clinically suspected Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) were subjected to quantitative PCR using MSG gene. Based on whether or not the cases were treated for PCP, the efficacy of qPCR to differentiate between “diseased” and “colonised” was evaluated. Standard curve of plasmid-cloned gene and receiver operating characteristic curve defined a cut-off of Ct ≤ 25 to diagnose PCP and Ct within 26-39.3 range to depict colonisation. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the qPCR was 100%, each for diagnosing PCP. MSG-gene-based qPCR is a robust tool for the reliable differentiation of Pneumocystis pneumonia from colonisation.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/myc.12708

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.