3 years ago

Increasing candidaemia incidence from 2004 to 2015 with a shift in epidemiology in patients preexposed to antifungals

Johan Maertens, Katrien Lagrou, Marijke Hendrickx, Pierre Becker, Isabel Spriet, Eric Van Wijngaerden, Berdieke Goemaere
Summary Candidaemia is an important health problem in immunocompromised patients with an epidemiology varying with region, period and patient population involved. The occurrence of candidaemia and the associated species distribution over a 12-year period at a large tertiary care centre in Belgium were analysed. The trend in incidence in the intensive care units (ICUs) and non-ICUs was investigated as well as the influence of antifungal exposure on the species distribution. From 2004 until 2015, 865 candidaemia episodes occurred in 826 patients at the University Hospitals Leuven. Candida albicans (59%) remained the most important cause of candidaemia, followed by C. glabrata (22.4%) and C. parapsilosis (8%). The mean incidence in the whole hospital was 1.48 per 10 000 patient days (PD). The incidence in ICUs increased reaching up to 10.7 per 10 000 PD whereas in the non-ICUs, the incidence decreased. Prior exposure to fluconazole and echinocandins was associated with candidaemia caused by less susceptible species. Candidaemia incidence increased in the whole hospital, driven by ICUs. Surveillance of candidaemia epidemiology on a local scale is of high value to guide empirical treatment strategies.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/myc.12714

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