3 years ago

Heavy-ion beam mutagenesis of the ectomycorrhizal agaricomycete Tricholoma matsutake that produces the prized mushroom “matsutake” in conifer forests

Ko Tahara, Tomoko Shimokawa, Yoriko Hayashi, Tomoko Abe, Takashi Yamanaka, Hiroyuki Ichida, Hitoshi Murata

Abstract

Tricholoma matsutake is an ectomycorrhizal agaricomycete that produces the prized mushroom “matsutake” in Pinaceae forests. Currently, there are no available cultivars or cultivation methods that produce fruiting bodies. Heavy-ion beams, which induce mutations through double-stranded DNA breaks, have been used widely for plant breeding. In the present study, we examined whether heavy-ion beams could be useful in isolating T. matsutake mutants. An argon-ion beam gave a suitable lethality curve in relation to irradiation doses, accelerating killing at 100–150 Gy. Argon-ion beam irradiation of the agar plate cultures yielded several transient mutants whose colony morphologies differed from that of the wild-type strain at the first screening, but which did not persist following culture transfer. It also generated a mutant whose phenotype remained stable after repeated culture transfers. The stable pleiotropic mutant not only exhibited a different colony morphology to the wild type, but also showed increased degradation of dye-linked water-insoluble amylose and cellulose substrates. Thus, heavy-ion beams may be useful for isolating mutants of T. matsutake, although precautions may be required to maintain the mutants, without phenotypic reversion, during repetitive culture of their mycelia.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00572-017-0810-z

DOI: 10.1007/s00572-017-0810-z

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