3 years ago

The identification of Meyerozyma guilliermondii from blood cultures and surveillance samples in a university hospital in Northeast Turkey: A ten-year survey

Meyerozyma (Pichia) guilliermondii exists in human skin and mucosal surface microflora. It can cause severe fungal infections like candidemia, which is an opportunistic pathogen. One hundred and forty-one M. guilliermondii isolates, consisting of 122 blood culture isolates, belonging to 126 patients; 13 total parenteral nutrition solution isolates; and two rectal swab isolates were identified according to carbohydrate assimilation reactions in a university hospital in Turkey between January 2006 and December 2015. Following Candida albicans (34.0%) and C. parapsilosis (21.2%), the third yeast species most commonly isolated from blood cultures in the Farabi Hospital was M. guilliermondii (20.6%). The patients were hospitalised in 27 different departments. A total of 50% of the patients were in pediatric departments, 49.2% were in intensive care units, and 17.2% were in haematology-oncology departments. Molecular identification of the isolates was performed using DNA sequence analysis of ribosomal ITS gene regions and IGS amplification-AluI fingerprinting (IGSAF). With molecular identification, 140 isolates were identified as M. guilliermondii and one isolate was identified as Candida membranifaciens. It was observed that the ITS1 region specifically helps in identifying these species. It was demonstrated that biochemical and molecular methods were 99.3% consistent in identifying M. guilliermondii. The Wild-Type (WT) Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations (MICs) distribution of fluconazole, voriconazole, itraconazole, and flucytosine were determined using the Sensititre YeastOne YO2V system after 24h of incubation. One M. guilliermondii strain was determined to be non-WT for fluconazole, voriconazole, itraconazole and flucytosine. In total, three M. guilliermondii strains, for fluconazole, were determined to be non-WT in this study.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1156523317300677

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