3 years ago

Amino-Functionalized ZIF-7 Nanocrystals: Improved Intrinsic Separation Ability and Interfacial Compatibility in Mixed-Matrix Membranes for CO2/CH4 Separation

Amino-Functionalized ZIF-7 Nanocrystals: Improved Intrinsic Separation Ability and Interfacial Compatibility in Mixed-Matrix Membranes for CO2/CH4 Separation
Lixiong Zhang, Luqian Sheng, Yanshuo Li, Long Xiang, Yichang Pan, Chongqing Wang
Highly permeable and selective, as well as plasticization-resistant membranes are desired as promising alternatives for cost- and energy-effective CO2 separation. Here, robust mixed-matrix membranes based on an amino-functionalized zeolitic imidazolate framework ZIF-7 (ZIF-7-NH2) and crosslinked poly(ethylene oxide) rubbery polymer are successfully fabricated with filler loadings up to 36 wt%. The ZIF-7-NH2 materials synthesized from in situ substitution of 2-aminobenzimidazole into the ZIF-7 structure exhibit enlarged aperture size compared with monoligand ZIF-7. The intrinsic separation ability for CO2/CH4 on ZIF-7-NH2 is remarkably enhanced as a result of improved CO2 uptake capacity and diffusion selectivity. The incorporation of ZIF-7-NH2 fillers simultaneously makes the neat polymer more permeable and more selective, surpassing the state-of-the-art 2008 Robeson upper bound. The chelating effect between metal (zinc) nodes of fillers and ester groups of a polymer provides good bonding, enhancing the mechanical strength and plasticization resistance of the neat polymer membrane. The developed novel ZIF-7 structure with amino-function and the resulting nanocomposite membranes are very attractive for applications like natural-gas sweetening or biogas purification. Amino-functionalized zeolitic imidazolate framework-7 (ZIF-7-NH2) nanocrystals fabricated from a mixed-linker strategy exhibit enlarged aperture size and enhanced CO2 uptake capacity compared to the original ZIF-7 structure. Incorporation of these fillers into a poly(ethylene oxide)-based rubbery polymer membrane can significantly improve the gas permeability, selectivity, and plasticization-resistant properties. The developed novel ZIF structure and the resulting hybrid membranes are very attractive for natural-gas sweetening or biogas purification.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201606999

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