3 years ago

Power spectrum of rare events in two-dimensional BTW model, violation of $1/f$ noise hypothesis.

A. Saber, Z. Moghadam, M. N. Najafi, Z. Ebadi

One of the primitive aims of the two-dimensional BTW model had been to explain the $1/f^{\alpha}$ noise which is widely seen in the natural systems. In this paper we study some time signals, namely the activity inside an avalanche ($x(t)$), the avalanches sizes ($s(T)$) and the rare events waiting time (REWT) ($\tau(n)$ as a new type of noise). The latter is expected to be important in predicting the period and also the vastness of the upcoming large scale events in a sequence of self-organized natural events. Especially we report some exponential anti-correlation behaviors for $s(T)$ and $\tau(n)$ which are finite-size effects. Two characteristic time scales $\delta T_{s}$ and $\delta T_{\tau}$ emerge in our analysis. It is proposed that the power spectrum of $s(T)$ and $\tau(n)$ behave like $\left( b_{s,\tau}(L)^2+\omega^2\right)^{-\frac{1}{2}}$, in which $b_{s}$ and $b_{\tau}$ are some $L$-dependent parameters and $\omega$ is the angular frequency. The $1/f$ noise is therefore obtained in the limit $\omega\gg b_{s,\tau}$. $b_{s}$ and $b_{\tau}$ decrease also in a power-law fashion with the system size $L$, which signals the fact that in the thermodynamic limit the power spectrum tends to the Dirac delta function.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.08924

DOI: arXiv:1801.08924v1

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