3 years ago

Sonochemical degradation of triclosan in water in a multifrequency reactor

Gustavo A. Peñuela, Lina Patricia Vega, Jafar Soltan

Abstract

Degradation of triclosan (TCS) by multifrequency ultrasound (US) was studied at high and low frequencies. Frequency effect on initial degradation rates was analyzed, and an optimum frequency was found. Power density always has a positive effect on degradation rates over the whole equipment work range. A reaction mechanism similar to that proposed by Serpone resulted in a pseudo-linear model that fitted statistically better than the nonlinear model proposed by Okitsu. Pulsed US showed a positive effect on degradation rates; however, simultaneous analysis of the effect of power, frequency, pulse time, and silent time did not show a clear trend for degradation as a function of pulse US variables. According to these results and those for degradation in the presence of radical scavengers, it was concluded that US TCS degradation was taking place in the bubble/liquid interface. A toxicity test was conducted by Microtox®, showing a decrease in toxicity as TCS concentration decreased and increase in toxicity after total depletion of TCS. Eight possible degradation by-products were identified by GC-MS analysis, and a degradation pathway was proposed.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-018-1281-2

DOI: 10.1007/s11356-018-1281-2

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