3 years ago

Room Temperature Electrochemical Sintering of Zn Microparticles and Its Use in Printable Conducting Inks for Bioresorbable Electronics

Room Temperature Electrochemical Sintering of Zn Microparticles and Its Use in Printable Conducting Inks for Bioresorbable Electronics
Jeonghyun Kim, Yerim Kim, Younghee Yoon, John A. Rogers, Yoon Kyeung Lee, Jean Won Kwak
This study describes a conductive ink formulation that exploits electrochemical sintering of Zn microparticles in aqueous solutions at room temperature. This material system has relevance to emerging classes of biologically and environmentally degradable electronic devices. The sintering process involves dissolution of a surface passivation layer of zinc oxide in CH3COOH/H2O and subsequent self-exchange of Zn and Zn2+ at the Zn/H2O interface. The chemical specificity associated with the Zn metal and the CH3COOH/H2O solution is critically important, as revealed by studies of other material combinations. The resulting electrochemistry establishes the basis for a remarkably simple procedure for printing highly conductive (3 × 105 S m−1) features in degradable materials at ambient conditions over large areas, with key advantages over strategies based on liquid phase (fusion) sintering that requires both oxide-free metal surfaces and high temperature conditions. Demonstrations include printed magnetic loop antennas for near-field communication devices. This study describes a conductive ink formulation that exploits electrochemical sintering of Zn microparticles in aqueous solutions at room temperature, with relevance to emerging classes of biologically and environmentally degradable electronic devices. The resulting electrochemistry establishes the basis for a remarkably simple procedure for printing highly conductive features in degradable materials at ambient conditions over large areas.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201702665

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