3 years ago

Comparative analysis of ovarian transcriptomes between prolific and non-prolific goat breeds via high-throughput sequencing

L Ma, X-H Wu, X-R Xiong, D-L Lan, W Xia, X-D Zi, H Zhou, J-Y Lu
To increase the current understanding of the gene expression in the pre-ovulatory ovary and identify the key genes involved in the regulation of ovulation rate, we compared the transcriptomes of ovaries from the prolific Jintang black goat (JTG) and the non-prolific Tibetan goat (TBG) during the follicular phase using the Illumina RNA-Seq method. Three ovarian libraries were constructed for each breed. On average, we obtained approximately 49.2 and 45.9 million reads for each individual ovary of TBGs and JTGs, respectively, of which 79.76% and 78.67% reads were covered in the genome database. A total of 407 differentially expressed genes (DEG) were detected between these two breeds, in which 316 were upregulated, and 91 were downregulated in the ovaries of JTGs versus TBGs. Based on the results of Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment, some of these DEGs potentially play an important role in controlling the development of ovarian follicles. SRD5A2, MSMB, STAR and 3BHSD, etc. were the most significantly differentially expressed between these two distinct breeds. In addition, each ovary expressed 1,066 versus 989 novel transcripts, and 171,829 versus 140,529 putative SNPs in TBGs versus JTBs, respectively. All data sets (GEO and dbSNP) were available via public repositories. Our study provides insight into the transcriptional regulation of the ovaries of two distinct breeds of goats that might serve as a key resource for understanding goat fecundity. SRD5A2, MSMB, STAR and 3BHSD may be associated with the high fecundity of JTGs.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/rda.13111

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.