3 years ago

Reusable resistive aptasensor for Pb(II) based on the Pb(II)-induced despiralization of a DNA duplex and formation of a G-quadruplex

Yang Liu, Gang Liu, Hui Wang

Abstract

The article describes a reusable biosensor for Pb(II) ions. A duplex DNA with a terminal amino group and containing a G-quadruplex (G4) aptamer was covalently conjugated to single walled carbon nanotubes on a field effect transistor (FET). The detection scheme is based on the despiralization of the DNA duplex because Pb(II) can induce the G4 aptamer to form a stabilizing G4/Pb(II) complex. This structural change affects the electrical conductivity of SWNTs which serves as the analytical signal. The biosensor was characterized via scanning electron microscopy, Raman, UV-vis, and voltage-current profiles. Under optimized conditions, the relative resistance at 0.02 V increases linearly with the logarithm of the Pb(II) concentration in the range from 1 ng·L−1 to 100 μg·L−1, and the limit of detection is 0.39 ng·L−1. Compared to other sensors, this oner demonstrates superior simplicity, sensitivity, and selectivity even in mixtures of heavy metal ions. It was applied to the determination of Pb(II) in (spiked) water and soil samples and gave good results.

Graphical abstract

Schematic of the fabrication a biosensor for Pb(II). It is making use of an SWNT-based FET, G4-DNA and complementary DNA with an amino group. Pb(II) can despiralize the DNA duplex to form a G-quadruplex which affects the electrical conductivity of SWNTs. After each detection, the single complementary strand DNA can rebind the G4-DNA, which makes the biosensor reusable.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00604-018-2682-0

DOI: 10.1007/s00604-018-2682-0

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