3 years ago

Morphable 3D mesostructures and microelectronic devices by multistable buckling mechanics

Morphable 3D mesostructures and microelectronic devices by multistable buckling mechanics
Yuan Liu, Haoran Fu, Daining Fang, Yutong Zhang, Mengdi Han, Ke Bai, Yijie Zhang, Wen Huang, Xiuling Li, Xu Cheng, Kewang Nan, Jung Woo Lee, Haiwen Luan, Luyao Lu, John A. Rogers, Moyang Li, Yihui Zhang, Fei Liu, Chaoqun Zhou, Jianing Zhao, Juntong Wang, Wubin Bai, Yunpeng Liu, Yonggang Huang, Zheng Yan
Three-dimensional (3D) structures capable of reversible transformations in their geometrical layouts have important applications across a broad range of areas. Most morphable 3D systems rely on concepts inspired by origami/kirigami or techniques of 3D printing with responsive materials. The development of schemes that can simultaneously apply across a wide range of size scales and with classes of advanced materials found in state-of-the-art microsystem technologies remains challenging. Here, we introduce a set of concepts for morphable 3D mesostructures in diverse materials and fully formed planar devices spanning length scales from micrometres to millimetres. The approaches rely on elastomer platforms deformed in different time sequences to elastically alter the 3D geometries of supported mesostructures via nonlinear mechanical buckling. Over 20 examples have been experimentally and theoretically investigated, including mesostructures that can be reshaped between different geometries as well as those that can morph into three or more distinct states. An adaptive radiofrequency circuit and a concealable electromagnetic device provide examples of functionally reconfigurable microelectronic devices.

Publisher URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41563-017-0011-3

DOI: 10.1038/s41563-017-0011-3

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