3 years ago

Programmed ventricular stimulation predicts arrhythmic events and survival in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) risk stratification in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in the context of primary prevention remains suboptimal. The purpose of this study was to examine the additional contribution of programmed ventricular stimulation (PVS) on established risk assessment. Methods Two-hundred-and-three consecutive patients with diagnosed HCM and ≥1 noninvasive risk factors were prospectively enrolled over 19years. Patients were risk stratified, submitted to PVS and received an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) according to then-current American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines and inducibility. Participants were prospectively followed-up for primary endpoint occurrence (appropriate ICD therapy or SCD). Contemporary (2015) AHA and European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines were retrospectively assessed. Results During a median follow-up period of 60months the primary endpoint occurred in 20 patients, 19 of whom were inducible and received an ICD. Overall, 79 patients (38.9%) were inducible and 92 patients (45.3%) received an ICD (PVS sensitivity=95%, specificity=67.2%, positive predictive value=24%, negative predictive value=99.2%). AHA and ESC guidelines application misclassified 3 and 9 primary endpoint-meeting patients, respectively. Inducibility was the most important determinant of event-free survival in multivariate Cox regression (hazard ratio=33.3). A combined approach of ESC score6% or AHA indication for ICD with PVS inducibility yielded absolute sensitivity and negative predictive value, the former at a more cost-effective and specific way. Conclusions Inducibility at PVS predicts SCD or appropriate device therapy in HCM. Non-inducibility is associated with prolonged event-free survival, while the procedure was proven safe. Reintegration of PVS into established risk stratification models in HCM may improve patient assessment.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0167527317343565

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.