3 years ago

Quadrupolar Asymmetry (QA), which has been a rampant problem for rod-type Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) Linacs, arises due to the geometry of resonant structure. A systematic parametric simulation study has been performed to unravel their effect on Figure of Merit (FoM) quantities namely Quality Factor (Q), Shunt Impedance ($R sh$) and Quadrupolar Asymmetry (QA). A novel stem and cavity shape is proposed, which caters to the profile of electromagnetic fields of the resonant structure. A design methodology is formulated, which demonstrates that Quadrupolar Asymmetry can be annihilated, and a symmetric electric field can be produced in all four quadrants of rod-type RFQ accelerator.