3 years ago

# bcc-iron as a promising new monochromator material for thermal neutrons

The development of high-performance neutron monochromators is a long-standing and still actual topic in neutron instrumentation. Due to its high scattering cross section, iron is a particularly interesting material since it offers the possibility to obtain high reflectivities at small wavelength and good resolution. Phase transitions between bcc- and fcc-phases hindered the growth of large and high-quality single crystals in the past and only recently bcc-crystals became commercially available. We have characterized the reflecting properties of as-grown and deformed crystals using $γ$-rays and thermal neutrons. Absolute reflectivities well above 30% for neutron wavelengths near 1 Å could be obtained that are superior to that of all other existing monochromator materials. Hence, the progress in crystal growth along with the knowledge of directed plastic deformation makes the development of bcc-Fe neutron monochromators feasible. Their application in crystal-monochromator instruments is suitable to increase the useful neutron flux at large energies considerably.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0168900217315073

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