3 years ago

Draft genome of spinach and transcriptome diversity of 120 Spinacia accessions

Draft genome of spinach and transcriptome diversity of 120 Spinacia accessions
Xiaoli Wang, Sanwen Huang, Chenxi Xu, Honghe Sun, Chenhui Ge, Chen Jiao, Yi Zheng, Wenli Liu, Yimin Xu, Shaojun Dai, Xuepeng Sun, Jie Deng, Beiquan Mou, Zhonghua Zhang, Zhangjun Fei, Xiaofeng Cai, Quanxi Wang, Quanhua Wang
Spinach is an important leafy vegetable enriched with multiple necessary nutrients. Here we report the draft genome sequence of spinach (Spinacia oleracea, 2n=12), which contains 25,495 protein-coding genes. The spinach genome is highly repetitive with 74.4% of its content in the form of transposable elements. No recent whole genome duplication events are observed in spinach. Genome syntenic analysis between spinach and sugar beet suggests substantial inter- and intra-chromosome rearrangements during the Caryophyllales genome evolution. Transcriptome sequencing of 120 cultivated and wild spinach accessions reveals more than 420 K variants. Our data suggests that S. turkestanica is likely the direct progenitor of cultivated spinach and spinach domestication has a weak bottleneck. We identify 93 domestication sweeps in the spinach genome, some of which are associated with important agronomic traits including bolting, flowering and leaf numbers. This study offers insights into spinach evolution and domestication and provides resources for spinach research and improvement.

Publisher URL: http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms15275

DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15275

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