A Pulsar Wind Nebula Model Applied to Short GRB 050724.
A subset of short gamma-ray bursts (sGRBs) have been found to be characterized by near-infrared/optical bumps at $\sim 1$ days, some of which exhibit almost concurrent X-ray flares. Although the near-infrared/optical bumps may be a signature of kilonovae, the X-ray flares are not consistent with kilonovae. It is widely believed that sGRBs are produced by the mergers of double compact objects, during which sub-relativistic ejecta are launched. In this paper we propose that the above optical/X-ray features are indicative of the formation of long-lived magnetars following the mergers of double neutron stars. Observations and theoretical works imply that the spin-down power of the magnetars is injected into the ejecta as ultra-relativistic electron-positron pairs, i.e. pulsar wind nebulae (PWNe). Here we suggest such a PWN model and find that the optical bump and X-ray flare observed in GRB 050724 can be well understood in this PWN model. We show that the optical bump and X-ray flare may have different origins. Our results strengthen the evidence for the formation of magnetars in double neutron star mergers and justify the validity of the PWN model.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.09157
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