3 years ago

Polarity imbalance of the photospheric magnetic field.

D. G. Baranov, O. A. Danilova, M. I. Tyasto, E. S. Vernova

Polarity imbalance of the photospheric magnetic field was studied using synoptic maps of NSO Kitt Peak (1976-2016). Imbalance of positive and negative fluxes was considered for the fields with strength B>50 G in the sunspot zone (5 deg - 40 deg) and for the fields with strength B<50 G at higher latitudes (40 deg - 90 deg). The 22-year periodicity in the imbalance of positive and negative fields was found which maintained itself during four solar cycles. While for the sunspot zone the sign of the imbalance always coincides with the northern hemisphere polarity, for the high latitudes the sign of the imbalance always coincides with the southern hemisphere polarity. Good correspondence of the flux imbalance with the quadrupole moment (g20) of the potential-field source-surface (PFSS) model was observed. The polarity imbalance of the sunspot zone correlates, on one hand, with the asymmetry of the magnetic field of the Sun-as-a-star and, on the other hand, with the sector structure of the interplanetary magnetic field. The obtained results show the close connection of the magnetic fields in active regions with the Sun's polar magnetic field. The weakest fields B<5 G represent quite a special group with the magnetic flux developing in antiphase to the fluxes of the stronger fields.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.09249

DOI: arXiv:1801.09249v1

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