3 years ago

Water-Soluble Conjugated Polymer as a Fluorescent Probe for Monitoring Adenosine Triphosphate Level Fluctuation in Cell Membranes during Cell Apoptosis and in Vivo

Water-Soluble Conjugated Polymer as a Fluorescent Probe for Monitoring Adenosine Triphosphate Level Fluctuation in Cell Membranes during Cell Apoptosis and in Vivo
Shihai Yan, Zan Li, Zhirong Geng, Zhilin Wang, Jun Cai, Binghuan Huang
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is used as the energy source in cells and plays crucial roles in various cellular events. The cellular membrane is the protective barrier for the cytoplasm of living cells and involved in many essential biological processes. Many fluorescent probes for ATP have been successfully developed, but few of these probes were appropriate for visualizing ATP level fluctuation in cell membranes during the apoptotic cell death process. Herein, we report the synthesis of a new water-soluble cationic polythiophene derivative that can be utilized as a fluorescent sensor for detecting ATP in cell membranes. Poly((3-((4-methylthiophen-3-yl)oxy)propyl)triphenylphosphonium chloride) (PMTPP) exhibits high sensitivity and good selectivity to ATP, and the detection limit is 27 nM. The polymer shows low toxicity to live cells and excellent photostability in cell membranes. PMTPP was practically utilized for real-time monitoring of ATP levels in the cell membrane through fluorescence microscopy. We have demonstrated that the ATP levels in cell membranes increased during the apoptotic cell death process. The probe was also capable of imaging ATP levels in living mice.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b01212

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b01212

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