3 years ago

Selective highly charged ions as the prospective optical clock candidates with quality factors larger than $10^{15}$.

B. K. Sahoo, Yan-mei Yu

We propose here a few selective highly charged ions (HCIs), namely Ni$^{12+}$ and Cu$^{13+}$, Pd$^{12+}$ and Ag$^{13+}$, that not only promise to be very high accurate optical clocks below $10^{-19}$ uncertainties, but also offer quality factors larger than $10^{15}$ and yet possess simple atomic structures for the experimental set-up. Moreover, these ions have strong optical magnetic-dipole (M1) transitions than the previously proposed HCI clocks. They can be used for the cooling and detection techniques. To demonstrate the projected fractional uncertainties below $10^{-19}$ level, we have estimated the typical orders of magnitudes due to many of the conventional systematics manifested in an atomic clock experiment, such as Zeeman, Stark, black-body radiation, and electric quadrupole shifts, by performing calculations of the relevant atomic properties.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.09210

DOI: arXiv:1801.09210v1

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