3 years ago

Origins of liquid-repellency on structured, flat, and lubricated surfaces.

Dan Daniel, Adam Tetreault, Ruoping Li, Jaakko V. I. Timonen, Joanna Aizenberg, Michael J. Kreder, Seneca J. Velling

There are currently three main classes of high-performance liquid-repellent surfaces: micro-/nano-structured lotus-effect superhydrophobic surfaces, flat surfaces grafted with 'liquid-like' polymer brushes, and various lubricated surfaces. Despite recent progress, the mechanistic understanding of the differences in droplet behavior on such surfaces is still under debate. We measured the dissipative force acting on a droplet moving on representatives of these classes at different velocities U = 0.01-1 mm/s using a cantilever force sensor with sub-uN accuracy, and correlated it to the contact line dynamics observed using optical interferometry at high spatial (micron) and temporal (< 0.1s) resolutions. We find that the dissipative force, due to very different physical mechanisms at the contact line, is independent of velocity on superhydrophobic surfaces, but depends non-linearly on velocity for flat and lubricated surfaces. The techniques and insights presented here will inform future work on liquid-repellent surfaces and enable their rational design.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.09576

DOI: arXiv:1801.09576v1

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