3 years ago

Magnetism of a Co monolayer on Pt(111) capped by overlayers of $5d$ elements: a spin-model study.

K. Palotás, E. Simon, L.Szunyogh, L. Rózsa

Using first-principles calculations, we study the magnetic properties of a Co monolayer on a Pt(111) surface with a capping monolayer of selected $5d$ elements (Re, Os, Ir, Pt and Au). First we determine the tensorial exchange interactions and magnetic anisotropies characterizing the Co monolayer for all considered systems. We find a close relationship between the magnetic moment of the Co atoms and the nearest-neighbor isotropic exchange interaction, which is attributed to the electronic hybridization between the Co and the capping layers, in spirit of the Stoner picture of ferromagnetism. The Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction is decreased for all overlayers compared to the uncapped Co/Pt(111) system, while even the sign of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction changes in case of the Ir overlayer. We conclude that the variation of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction is well correlated with the change of the magnetic anisotropy energy and of the orbital moment anisotropy. The unique influence of the Ir overlayer on the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction is traced by scaling the strength of the spin--orbit coupling of the Ir atoms in Ir/Co/Pt(111) and by changing the Ir concentration in the Au$_{1-x}$Ir$_{x}$/Co/Pt(111) system. Our spin dynamics simulations indicate that the magnetic ground state of Re/Co/Pt(111) thin film is a spin spiral with a tilted normal vector, while the other systems are ferromagnetic.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.09426

DOI: arXiv:1801.09426v1

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