Transitions and singularities during slip motion of rigid bodies.
The dynamics of moving solids with unilateral contacts are often modeled by assuming rigidity, point contacts, and Coulomb friction due to the simplicity of these models. The canonical example of a rigid rod with one endpoint slipping in two dimensions along a fixed surface (sometimes referred to as Painlev\'e rod) has been investigated thoroughly by many authors. The generic transitions of that system include three classical transitions (slip-stick, slip reversal, lift-off) as well as a singularity called dynamic jamming, i.e. convergence to a codimension 2 manifold in state space, where rigid body theory breaks down. The goal of this paper is to identify similar singularities arising in systems with multiple point contacts, and in a broader setting to make initial steps towards a comprehensive list of generic transitions from slip motion to other types of dynamics. We show that - in addition to the classical transitions - dynamic jamming remains a generic phenomenon. We also find new forms of singularity and solution indeterminacy, as well as generic routes from sliding to self-excited microscopic or macroscopic oscillations.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1708.09690