3 years ago

Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) of the state of Amazonas, Brazil

Thiago F. Martins, Laérzio C. Neto, Marcelo B. Labruna, Iury V. D. Cobra, Monica R. Solorio, Louise Maranhão, Nair O. Aguiar, Sergio L. Gianizella, Carlos A. R. do Nascimento, Ivan J. Lima, Waleska Gravena, Emiliano E. Ramalho, Gerson P. Lopes, Tamily Santos, Diogo L. Faria, Valeria C. Onofrio, Hermes R. Luz, Natália A. S. Lima

Abstract

The tick fauna of Brazil is currently composed by 72 species. The state of Amazonas is the largest of Brazil, with an area of ≈ 19% of the Brazilian land. Besides its vast geographic area, only 19 tick species have been reported for Amazonas. Herein, lots containing ticks from the state of Amazonas were examined in three major tick collections from Brazil. A total of 5933 tick specimens were examined and recorded, comprising 2693 males, 1247 females, 1509 nymphs, and 484 larvae. These ticks were identified into the following 22 species: Amblyomma cajennense sensu lato, Amblyomma calcaratum, Amblyomma coelebs, Amblyomma dissimile, Amblyomma dubitatum, Amblyomma geayi, Amblyomma goeldii, Amblyomma humerale, Amblyomma latepunctatun, Amblyomma longirostre, Amblyomma naponense, Amblyomma oblongoguttatum, Amblyomma ovale, Amblyomma rotundatum, Amblyomma scalpturatum, Amblyomma varium, Dermacentor nitens, Haemaphysalis juxtakochi, Ixodes cf. Ixodes fuscipes, Ixodes luciae, Rhipicephalus microplus, Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato. Ticks were collected from 17 (27.4%) out of the 62 municipalities that currently compose the state of Amazonas. The following four species are reported for the first time in the state of Amazonas: A. coelebs, A. dubitatum, H. juxtakochi, and Ixodes cf. I. fuscipes. The only tick species previously reported for Amazonas and not found in the present study is Amblyomma parvum. This study provides a great expansion of geographical and host records of ticks for the state of Amazonas, which is now considered to have a tick fauna composed by 23 species. It is noteworthy that we report 1391 Amblyomma nymphs that were identified to 13 different species.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10493-018-0221-7

DOI: 10.1007/s10493-018-0221-7

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