3 years ago

Analysis of the binding sites of vitamin D 1α-hydroxylase (CYP27B1) and vitamin D 24-hydroxylase (CYP24A1) for the design of selective CYP24A1 inhibitors: homology modelling, molecular dynamics simulations and identification of key binding requirements

Analysis of the binding sites of vitamin D 1α-hydroxylase (CYP27B1) and vitamin D 24-hydroxylase (CYP24A1) for the design of selective CYP24A1 inhibitors: homology modelling, molecular dynamics simulations and identification of key binding requirements
A homology model of human CYP27B1 was built using MOE and ith further optimisation by molecular dynamics simulations of the hCYP27B1 homology model and a hCYP27B1-SDZ-88357 complex. Docking results from the hCYP27B1-SDZ-88357 complex showed amino acids Arg107, Asn387 and Asp320 have an important role in binding interaction, with Asp320 part of the important acid - alcohol pair situated in the I-helix with the conserved sequence (A/G) GX (E/D) (T/S), which assumes an essential role in the binding of an oxygen molecule for catalysis. Additional docking experiments with selective hCYP27B1 or hCYP24A1 inhibitors using both the hCYP27B1 model and a triple mutant hCYP24A1 model provided further support for the importance of H-bonding interactions with the three identified active site amino acids. To confirm the role of Arg107, Asn387 and Asp320 in the active site of hCYP27B1 compounds were designed that would form H-bonding interactions, as determined from docking experiments with hCYP27B1 model. Subsequent synthesis and CYP24A1 and CYP27B1 enzyme assays of the designed compounds 1a and 1b showed a ∼ 5-fold selectivity for CYP27B1 confirming the importance of Asp320 in particular and also Asn387 and Arg107 as important amino acids for CYP27B1 inhibitory activity.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0968089617314037

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